What happens in chapter 16 of the Iliad? (2023)

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What happened in book 16 of the Iliad?

Like book nine, book sixteen marks a crucial turning point in the Iliad. While Achilleus still refuses to return to battle, his friend, Patroklos, persuades him to let him fight in his place. Leading Achilleus' men, the Myrmidons, Patroklos beats back the Trojans and kills Sarpedon, the son of Zeus.

(Video) The Iliad by Homer| Book 16 Summary & Analysis
(Course Hero)
Why is Patroclus crying in book 16 the Iliad?

While the fighting goes on around the ship of Protesilaus, Patroclus goes crying to Achilles. He says he is crying for the wounded Greeks, including Diomedes, Odysseus, Agamemnon, and Eurypylus. He prays that he may never be so cruel as Achilles.

(Video) ILIAD BOOK 16: Patroclus Being A Badman, And Then He Dies
(Moan Inc.)
Who has Achilles armor at the end of book 16?

Patroclus approaches Achilles and asks to join the fight in defense of the ships. Achilles agrees and lets Patroclus use his armor, but he cautions Patroclus not to attack the Trojans.

(Video) The Iliad: Book 16
(Athene Noctua Audiobooks)
Who came to console Achilles in Iliad 16?

When Patroklos reaches Achilleus, he is in tears. Achilleus makes fun of him for crying, but Patroklos defends himself.

(Video) Homer: The Iliad - Book 16 Summary and Analysis
(The Rugged Pyrrhus)
Who killed Hector of Troy?

Achilles chased Hector back to Troy, slaughtering Trojans all the way. When they got to the city walls, Hector tried to reason with his pursuer, but Achilles was not interested. He stabbed Hector in the throat, killing him.

(Video) Read Aloud | Iliad | Ch 16, The Death of Achilles
(Jesse McCarthy)
What major event happens in book 16 of the Odyssey?

Summary: Book 16

Eumaeus recounts Odysseus's story and suggests that the stranger stay with Telemachus at the palace. But Telemachus is afraid of what the suitors might do to them. Eumaeus thus goes to the palace alone to tell Penelope that her son has returned.

(Video) The Iliad: Book 16
(Athene Noctua Audiobooks)
Who dies in book 16 of the Iliad?

He has made a fatal decision, and the deaths of Sarpedon, Patroklos, Hektor, Achilles himself, and the fall of Troy all inevitably follow. The deaths of Sarpedon and Patroklos in this book introduce an elegiac tone into the last part of the Iliad, as the characters that the reader sees as sympathetic are killed.

(Video) The Odyssey by Homer | Books 15–16 Summary and Analysis
(Course Hero)
What are Patroclus dying words?

Patroclus's Last Words

''...had twenty such men as you attacked me, all of them would have fallen before my spear. Fate and the son of Leto have overpowered me, and among mortal men Euphorbus; you are yourself third only in the killing of me.

(Video) The Iliad by Homer| Book 18 Summary & Analysis
(Course Hero)
Who does Patroclus sleep with?

In it, Achilles and Patroclus do have a sexual relationship. Here is one short excerpt from their younger days, before the Trojan War began: "I was trembling, afraid to put him to flight. I did not know what to do, what he would like.

(Video) Classics Explained: Homer's Iliad - Book 16 - Patroclus Fights and Dies
(Temple Philosophy)
What two things did Achilles pray to Zeus for in book 16 of the Iliad?

Achilles prays to Zeus, asking him to fill Patroclus with courage and to bring him back safely from battle.

(Video) The Prayer of Achilles: Iliad Book 16
(Foxwede History)

Who ends up killing Patroclus?

While fighting, Patroclus' wits were removed by Apollo, after which Patroclus was hit by the spear of Euphorbos. Hector then killed Patroclus by stabbing him in the stomach with a spear.

(Video) The Iliad by Homer | Book 13 Summary & Analysis
(Course Hero)
Who dies first Achilles or Patroclus?

Patroclus kills one of the strongest Trojan warriors, but is soon thereafter killed by Hector. Achilles, mad with grief, returns to war after Patroclus' death and eventually kills Hector, parading Hector's fallen corpse around in the process.

What happens in chapter 16 of the Iliad? (2023)
Who avenged Achilles death?

According to legend, the Trojan prince Paris killed Achilles by shooting him in the heel with an arrow. Paris was avenging his brother, Hector, whom Achilles had slain. Though the death of Achilles is not described in the Iliad, his funeral is mentioned in Homer's Odyssey.

Who stole Achilles girlfriend?

Stolen by Agamemnon

Many die, and the other Greek captains tell Agamemnon he must return the girl to her father. Agamemnon agrees, but on one condition: he gets to take Achilles's concubine, Briseis.

Who shot and killed Achilles?

How does Achilles die? Achilles is killed by an arrow, shot by the Trojan prince Paris. In most versions of the story, the god Apollo is said to have guided the arrow into his vulnerable spot, his heel. In one version of the myth Achilles is scaling the walls of Troy and about to sack the city when he is shot.

Who betrayed Achilles?

The principal antagonist is King Agamemnon, who abuses his power and betrays Achilles by stealing the warrior's favorite war prize, the young maiden Briseis. Achilles sees Agamemnon's act as both a personal betrayal and a sign of the king's failure as a leader.

Who betrayed Troy?

Antenor was the Trojan hero who betrayed Troy to the Greeks.

Did Achilles have a lover?

Centuries later, various Greek texts presented Achilles and Patroclus as pederastic lovers (a common practice in Greek society where an older male and younger male form a sexual relationship).

What did Odysseus do in book 16?

Odysseus reveals his true identity to his son, and they work out a plan to defeat the suitors. Meanwhile, Antinous also has a plan and tells the other suitors how they must assassinate the prince.

Who disguised Odysseus in book 16?

Odysseus outlines the plan: tomorrow, Athene will disguise him as a beggar. He'll head to the royal hall to distract the suitors while Telemachos locks their weapons up in another room. Odysseus has set aside only two swords, spears, and shields for their own use.

Who does Odysseus reunite with in book 16?

Odysseus and Telemachus finally reunite in Book 16 of Homer's ''The Odyssey.

Who kills Paris in the Iliad?

Paris himself, soon after, received a fatal wound from an arrow shot by the rival archer Philoctetes.

Who gets kidnapped in the Iliad?

The Iliad recounts 51 days of a 10-year war. The war started because Paris, a Trojan, kidnapped Helen, Agamemnon's wife. Paris kidnapped Helen, because Aphrodite promised him the most beautiful mortal woman.

What killed Priam?

Priam is killed during the Sack of Troy by Achilles' son Neoptolemus (also known as Pyrrhus). His death is graphically related in Book II of Virgil's Aeneid. In Virgil's description, Neoptolemus first kills Priam's son Polites in front of his father as he seeks sanctuary on the altar of Zeus.

Did Achilles call Patroclus his husband?

Achilles responds by saying that Patroclus is his husband. Deidameia retorts that it isn't true, before threatening to unveil Achilles' true identity. Thetis soon appears, enraged as she tells Deidameia that she will not reveal the truth.

What color was Patroclus eyes?

His eyes were unwavering, green flecked with gold.

Does Patroclus marry?

Patroclus and Thetis' Son

Once Thetis gave into marrying Patroclus, she became determined to have a child with him.

Did Achilles love Patroclus?

The idea that Patroclus and Achilles were lovers is quite old. Many Greco-Roman authors read their relationship as a romantic one—it was a common and accepted interpretation in the ancient world. We even have a fragment from a lost tragedy of Aeschylus, where Achilles speaks of his and Patroclus' “frequent kisses.”

Does Patroclus cheat on Achilles?

There are some scenes which seem a bit odd and don't really sit comfortably with the rest of the narrative - the river-god-fighting, and a very odd scene in which Patroclus has sex with Achilles' wife, thereby cheating on his boyfriend by committing adultery with his boyfriend's wife, which seems Not Okay to me - but ...

Was Achilles a top or bottom?

According to Plato, a bottom: …he bravely chose to go and rescue his lover Patroclus, avenged him, and sought death not merely in his behalf but in haste to be joined with him whom death had taken.

What advice of Achilles does Patroclus ignore forget in book 16?

as Patroclus forgets Achilles' warning not to fight more than is necessary (650).

Did Athena favor Achilles?

In the Iliad, Athena helps Achilles to kill Hector by persuading him to not flee from Hector, but to turn and fight him. She then disguises Achilles as someone Hector knows who is an ally to him.

Who won the Trojan War?

The Greeks finally win the war by an ingenious piece of deception dreamed up by the hero and king of Ithaca, Odysseus – famous for his cunning. They build a huge wooden horse and leave it outside the gates of Troy, as an offering to the gods, while they pretend to give up battle and sail away.

Did Apollo push Patroclus?

Apollo also plays a direct role in both Patroclus's and Achilles's deaths. When Patroclus is dressed as Achilles, he attempts to scale Troy's walls, and Apollo pushes him down twice. He eventually knocks off Patroclus's helmet so that everyone can see his true identity, which is what leads Hector to kill Patroclus.

How old is Patroclus when he dies?

– How Old Are Achilles and Patroclus? Achilles and Patroclus were 15 years old when they were killed in the Trojan war. They both were very close to each other and after their deaths, their remains were buried together to give their friendship an eternal life together.

What happens to Patroclus body?

Achilles' sorrow is intensified by the sight of his dead comrade's body, and all of the Achaians join Achilles in mourning. Achilles vows to kill Hektor and to slaughter twelve Trojan warriors on the funeral pyre of Patroklos. Meanwhile, Patroklos' dead body is washed clean and laid out in state in Achilles' tent.

Who did Patroclus love?

Patroclus and Achilles had a one-of-a-kind relationship, and it was one of the major themes in Homer's epic novel, The Iliad. Their closeness triggered a debate on what kind of relationship they had and how it affected events in Greek mythology.

Is there an age gap between Achilles and Patroclus?

Historical and literary scholars have long held that Plato was correct in his claim that Patroclus was “much older” than Achilles.

Who was Achilles wife?

When Odysseus, Ajax, and Phoenix visit Achilles to negotiate her return in book 9, Achilles refers to Briseis as his wife or his bride. He professes to have loved her as much as any man loves his wife, at one point using Menelaus and Helen to complain about the injustice of his "wife" being taken from him.

What ends Achilles anger?

Achilles' second wave of anger is over the death of Patroklos and ends when Achilles returns Hektor's body to Priam.

Was Achilles Black or white?

It is true that, in ancient Greece, Achilles and Zeus were both consistently portrayed as what most people today would generally consider “white.” That being said, I think that most of the outrage over the fact that Troy: Fall of a City portrays Achilles and Zeus as black is motivated more by racial prejudice than by ...

Who is sacrificed on Achilles grave?

Paris shot a fatal arrow into Achilles' heel, his one vulnerable spot. Before he died, Achilles vengefully proclaimed that the treacherous Polyxena be sacrificed at his tomb.

Who is Achilles soulmate?

Origin. Patroclus was the son of Menoetius, and the cousin of Achilles, his friend and his "first soulmate".

Did Achilles marry his mother?

We know Achilles wasn't much of a family man. He spent much of his life out in the battlefields, and he never married or settled in any one place. Some stories even suggest he might have been gay. However, we do know that Achilles had one son, a boy named Pyrrhus Neoptolemus.

Did Achilles turn into a girl?

The story of how Achilles disguised himself as a girl at the court of the king of Skyros, fell in love with one of the princesses, and married her before leaving for Troy, became a popular topic in arts and literature from Classical times until the middle of the 20th century.

Who died at the end of Iliad?

The Iliad ends with the death and funeral of Hector, a prince and great warrior of Troy. Achilles, the hero of the Iliad, kills Hector in an act of revenge and anger for killing his friend Patroclus. The story ends not with the end of the Trojan War but with the enemy's funeral.

Who kills Priam?

When Troy fell, Neoptolemus, the son of Achilles, butchered the old king on an altar. Both Priam's death and his ransoming of Hector were favourite themes of ancient art.

How did Troy fall?

According to the Roman epic poet Virgil, the Trojans were defeated after the Greeks left behind a large wooden horse and pretended to sail for home. Unbeknown to the Trojans, the wooden horse was filled with Greek warriors. They sacked Troy after the Trojans brought the horse inside the city walls.

What happens in chapter 17 of the Iliad?

Menelaos gets in a fight with Euphorbos—the first man to spear Patroklos in Book 16—over Patroklos's body. Menelaos kills Euphorbos and starts stripping off his gear, but then backs down in the face of stronger Trojan numbers. Oh yeah, and he also recognizes that the god Apollo is aiding Hektor.

What does the death of Patroclus symbolize?

Patroclus' death was one of the most poignant and powerful scenes in the Iliad. It reveals the futility of mortals endeavoring to go against the gods and the price of reckless behavior. Recklessness and arrogance are recurring themes throughout the epic.

Who killed Achilles?

Achilles is killed by an arrow, shot by the Trojan prince Paris. In most versions of the story, the god Apollo is said to have guided the arrow into his vulnerable spot, his heel. In one version of the myth Achilles is scaling the walls of Troy and about to sack the city when he is shot.

Who killed Patroclus in the Iliad?

While fighting, Patroclus' wits were removed by Apollo, after which Patroclus was hit by the spear of Euphorbos. Hector then killed Patroclus by stabbing him in the stomach with a spear.

Who did Patroclus sleep with?

As Patroclus and the other boys turn thirteen, they begin to become interested in, and engage in, sexual intercourse, primarily with the female slaves of the palace.

What happens in book 18 of the Iliad?

In Book 18 of The Iliad, Achilles learns of the death of his dear friend Patroclus. He is stricken with grief and he vows revenge on Hector. Achilles' mother, Thetis, who is a goddess, promises to get Achilles new armor from Hephaistos so he can enter battle the next day.

What does Minho do at the end of Chapter 17?

Summary: Chapter 17

Minho says they should split up and keep running, and he sprints off into the Maze, leaving Alby and Thomas alone.

What happens at Mrs Turner's in Chapter 17?

A fight breaks out at Mrs. Turner's restaurant between several drunken migrant workers. Tea Cake joins the fight after he is unable to stop it.

Who said Achilles and Patroclus were lovers?

Homer never explicitly casts the two as lovers, but they were depicted as lovers in the archaic and classical periods of Greek literature, particularly in the works of Aeschylus, Aeschines and Plato.

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